Ausgewählte Texte aus der Carakasaṃhitā

Anhang A: Pflanzenbeschreibungen

Hemidesmus indicus R. Br.

zusammengestellt von Alois Payer

Zitierweise / cite as:

Carakasaṃhitā: Ausgewählte Texte aus der Carakasaṃhitā / übersetzt und erläutert von Alois Payer <1944 - >. -- Anhang A: Pflanzenbeschreibungen. -- Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. -- Fassung vom 2007-06-27. -- URL:      

Erstmals publiziert: 2007-06-27


Anlass: Lehrveranstaltung SS 2007

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Abb.: Hemidesmus indicus R. Br.
[Bildquelle: Wikipedia]


"Hemidesmus Indicus (R. Br.) N. O. Asclepiaceae.
  • Country Sarsaparilla, Eng.
  • Narooneendee, Mal.
  • Nunnari, Tam.
  • Soogundapala, Tel.
  • Mugraboo, Hind.
  • Unantomool, Beng.

Description.—Twining ; stern glabrous; leaves from cordate to ovate, cuspidate, passing into narrow linear, acute, often oblong-lanceolate cymes, often sub-sessile, sometimes pe-duncled; scales of the corolla obtuse, cohering the whole length of the tube; follicles slender, straight; flowers on the outside, pale green, on the inside, dark blood-coloured. Fl. June—Aug.—Wight Contrib. p. 63.—Icon. t. p. 594.—Periploca Indica, Willd.—Asclepias pseudosarsa. Var. latifolia, Roxb. Fl. Ind.ii. 39.—Rheede, x. t. 34.------Coromandel. Bombay. Bengal. Very common in Travancore.

Medical Uses.—This root is an excellent substitute for sarsaparilla, and much used among the natives, being sold in the bazaars for this purpose. They employ it particularly for the thrush in children, giving about a drachm every morning and evening of the powder fried in butter. Dried and reduced to powder, and mixed with honey, it is reckoned a good specific in rheumatic pains and boils; and, in decoction with onions and cocoanut-oil, is internally recommended in haemorrhoids, and simply bruised and mixed with water in diarrhoea. Ainslie states that the root is mucilaginous and slightly bitter, and is recommended by the Tamool doctors in cases of strangury and gravel, being pulverised and mixed with cow's milk; they also give it in decoction with cummin-seeds to purify the blood and correct the acrimony of the bile. A decoction of it is also prescribed by European practitioners in cutaneous diseases, scrofula, and venereal affections. Dr O'Shaughnessy repeatedly experimented upon the roots, and found their diuretic properties very remarkable. Two ounces infused in a pint of water, and allowed to cool, was the quantity usually employed daily; and by such doses the discharge of urine was generally trebled or quadrupled. It also acted as a diaphoretic and tonic, greatly increasing the appetite. Dr Pereira says the root is brownish externally, and has a peculiar aromatic odour, somewhat like that of sassafras. It has been employed as a cheap and efficacious substitute for sarsaparilla in cachectic diseases, increasing the appetite and improving the health. In some cases it has succeeded where sarsaparilla has failed, and in others failed where sarsaparilla proved successful.— Ainslie. Roxb."

[Quelle: Drury, Heber <1819 - 1872>: The useful plants of India : with notices of their chief value in commerce, medicine, and the arts. -- 2d ed. with additions and corrections. London : Allen, 1873. -- xvi, 512 p. ; 22 cm. -- s.v.]



Sans. Anantamula Sārivā.

Vern. Anantamul, Beng. Hind.

In Sanskrit Medicine, Hemidesmus Indicus and Ichnocarpus frutescens are both called sārivā and are described under the name of sārivādvaya or the two sārivās. They are often used together. When however sārivā is used in the singular number it is the usual practice to interpret it as syāmalatā ( Ichnocarpus frutescens ). The roots of these plants are said to be sweet, demulcent, alterative and useful in loss of appetite, disinclination for food, fever, skin diseases, syphilis and leucorrhoea. They are generally used in combination with a number of other medicines. The following are a few illustrations. Take of anantamula, root of Pavonia odorata (bālā ), tubers of Cyperus rotundus ( mustaka ), ginger, and the root of Picrorrhiza kurroa ( katuki ), equal parts, in all two tolas, and reduce them to a paste with water. This dose administered with warm water in the morning, is said to clear the bowels and relieve fever.

A decoction of the roots of colocynth, anantamula, sārivā and Hedyotis biflora (pariparta ), prepared in the usual way, is administered with the addition of powdered long pepper and bdellium in chronic skin diseases, syphilis, elephantiasis, loss of sensation and hemiplegia."

[Quelle: Dutt, Uday Chand: The materia medica of the Hindus / Uday Chand Dutt. With a glossary of Indian plants by George King. -- 2. ed. with additions and alterations / by Binod Lall Sen & Ashutosh Sen. -- Calcutta, 1900. - XVIII, 356 S. -- S. 195f.]