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Carakasaṃhitā: Ausgewählte Texte aus der Carakasaṃhitā / übersetzt und erläutert von Alois Payer <1944 - >. -- Anhang A: Pflanzenbeschreibungen. -- Tinospora cordifolia Miers ex Hook.f & Thomas. -- Fassung vom 2007-07-09. -- URL: http://www.payer.de/ayurveda/pflanzen/tinospora_cordifolia.htm
Erstmals publiziert: 2007-07-09
Anlass: Lehrveranstaltung SS 2007
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Abb.: Tinospora cordifolia Miers ex Hook.f & Thomas
[Bildquelle: Kirtikar-Basu, ©1918]
"Tinospora cordifolia (Miers). Do.
Sheendie Codie, Tam. Citamerdoo, Mal. Goolbayl, Duk. Gurcha, Hind. Tippatingay, Tel. Guluncha, Beng.
Description.—Twining shrub ; bark corky, slightly tuber-cled; leave alternate, roundish-cordate, with a broad sinus, shortly and sharply pointed, glabrous ; racemes axillary or lateral, of male flowers longer than the leaves, pedicels several together, of female ones scarcely so long as the leaves; pedicels solitary ; petals, unguiculate; unguis linear, slightly margined upwards ; limb triangular, ovate, reflexed ; drupes 2-3, globose; flowers small, yellowish. Fl. April—July.— Hook. & Thorns. Fl. Ind. i. 184. — W. & A. Prod. i. 12. — Wight Icon. ii. t. 485.—Cocculus cordifolius, Dec.—Menispermum cordifolium, Willd.—Rheede, vii t. 21.------Peninsula. Bengal. Assam.
Medical Uses.—What is known as Guluncha extract is procured from the stems of this plant It is a well-known specific in the bites of poisonous insects, as well as in fevers and rheumatism. The leaves beaten up and mixed with honey are applied externally to ulcers, and with oil to the head as a remedy in colds. In decoction they are given as a tonic in gout. The native practitioners use this plant extensively in a great variety of diseases, especially in fevers, jaundice, and visceral obstructions. The parts chiefly used are the roots, stem, and leaves, from which a decoction called Pachuna is prepared. The extract called Paho is procured also from the stem, and is reputed of much value in urinary affections.
Dr Wight states that from 15 to 20 grains of the powdered root constitute a good emetic, a fact also recorded by Ainslie, who especially remarks that it is a successful remedy in snake-bites, administered in the above dose about three times a-day, at an interval of twenty minutes between each dose. The bitterness of the extract varies according to the season when the plant is gathered, which should be during the hot weather. The young leaves bruised and mixed with milk are used as a liniment in erysipelas. It is stated in the ' Bengal Dispensatory ' that in experiments made at the college hospital, the Guluncha was found to be a very useful tonic. The decoction or cold infusion was" of great utility in chronic rheumatism and secondary venereal affections. Its action is decidedly diuretic and tonic in a high degree.—(Bengal Disp. Roxb. Trans. Med. and Phys. Soc., Calcutta. Ainslie.) The T. crispa (Miers), and some other allied species inhabiting various parts of India, possess the bitterness, and probably the tonic properties, of Guluncha.—Pharm. of India."
[Quelle: Drury, Heber <1819 - 1872>: The useful plants of India : with notices of their chief value in commerce, medicine, and the arts. -- 2d ed. with additions and corrections. London : Allen, 1873. -- xvi, 512 p. ; 22 cm. -- s.v.]
Sans. Guduchi. Amrita.
Vern, Gulancha, Beng. Gurach, Hind.
The stem, leaves, roots and watery extract of this plant are all used in Hindu Medicine. The entire plant is regarded as a valuable alterative and tonic. It is used in general debility, fever, jaundice, skin diseases, rheumatism, urinary diseases, irritability of stomach, etc.
The fresh juice of the plant is taken with milk as a general tonic. In fevers it is used in a great variety of forms. Thus a cold infusion of gulancha is given with honey in bilious fever. A decoction1 of gulancha or its fresh juice is given with the addition of long pepper and honey in chronic fever with cough. A compound decoction is thus prepared. Take of gulancha, Hedyotis biflora (parparta), Cyperus rotundus (mustaka), chiretta and ginger, each one drachm, water, half a seer. Boil down to one-fourth. It is said to be useful in fevers caused by deranged air and bile. Practically it is found very useful in chronic fevers, which have resisted other antiperiodics, and which are apt to recur after apparent recovery. In chronic fever with loss of appetite, the following confection is recommended by many writers.
Dhātrimodaka. Take of chebulic and emblic myrobalans, ginger and long pepper, one part each, watery extract of gulancha, four parts, water sixteen parts. Boil till reduced to one-fourth, and prepare a confection with eight parts of sugar. When of proper consistence divide the mass into boluses of about a drachm each. One of those is taken every morning, in chronic fever with enlarged spleen, cough, loss of appetite, etc.
Gulancha enters into the composition of a large number of prescriptions for chronic skin diseases. The juice of the plant or its decoction is given alone, or with the addition of guggulu or bdellium. Numerous compound decoctions with the addition of various other drugs such as nim, turmeric, catechu, etc. are used in these diseases, as well as in gout and rheumatism. Several oils, for external application are prepared with gulancha and are much used in skin diseases, rheumatic affections and nervous complaints. Guduchyādi taila. Take of fresh gulancha, eight seers, water, sixty-four seers, boil till reduced to one-fourth and strain. To the strained decoction, add prepared sesamum oil, four seers and gulancha beaten to a paste with water, one seer, boil together till the water is evaporated. This oil is a favourite application in eruptive skin diseases from impure blood. The Vrihat guduchyādi taila is prepared by the addition of a number of other medicines in the form of paste, to the decoction of gulancha and the oil. Another compound oil called Vāta guduchyādi taila is thus prepared. Take of gulancha, twelve seers and a half, water sixty-four seers. Boil till reduced to one fourth. Take of the fresh juice of Adhatoda Vasica (vāsaka), and of datura leaves, each four seers, prepared mustard oil, four seers, aromatics in the form of paste one seer. Boil together the decoction of gulancha with the vegetable juices, oil and paste, in the usual manner. This oil is recommended by Charaka in eruptive skin diseases with troublesome itching, as also in diseases of nervous origin."
[Quelle: Dutt, Uday Chand: The materia medica of the Hindus / Uday Chand Dutt. With a glossary of Indian plants by George King. -- 2. ed. with additions and alterations / by Binod Lall Sen & Ashutosh Sen. -- Calcutta, 1900. - XVIII, 356 S. -- S. 105ff.]