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Zitierweise / cite as:
Hodson, Thomas: An elementary grammar of the Kannada, or Canarese language. -- 28. Syntax of the Infinitive Mood (§§ 239 - 246). -- Fassung vom 2011-08-26. -- URL: http://www.payer.de/hodson/hodson28.htm
First published as: Hodson, Thomas: An elementary grammar of the Kannada, or Canarese language ; in which every word used in the examples is translated, and the pronunciation is given in English characters. -- 2. ed. -- Bangalore : Wesleyan Mission Press, 1864. -- 128 p. ; 23 cm.
First time published here: 2011-08-26
©opyright: Public domain
This text is part of the section Sanskrit und Indien of Tüpfli's Global Village Library
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239. The infinitive mood is governed by the verb which follows it; as,
240. Occasionally when the infinitive is followed by the present or future tense of ಹೋಗು hōgu, go, futurity is denoted; as,
241. When the infinitive is followed by the words ಕೊಡು koḍu, give, ಕೊಡಿಸು koḍisu, and ಈಸು īsu, to cause to give, permission is denoted; as,
242. The infinitive in ಲು lu, followed by ಒಲ್ಲು ollu, is used to denote unwillingness; as,
243. The infinitive in ಲು lu, followed by ಇಲ್ಲ illa, there is not, denotes negation of a past action; as,
244. When the infinitive is followed by a noun composed of ಉಳ್ಳ uḷḷa, and a personal pronoun, obligation or responsibility is denoted; as,
245. In relating contemporaneous or closely successive actions of the same or different agents, any number of infinitives in ಲು lu, may be used in succession, followed by the finite verb expressing the principal or concluding action. The infinitives would be rendered into English by as, since, whilst, when, &c.
246. The past gerund ಆಗಿ āgi, may be added to these infinitives without affecting the sense; as,
To 29. Syntax of the Imperative Mood (§§ 247 - 252)