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Zitierweise / cite as:
Hodson, Thomas: An elementary grammar of the Kannada, or Canarese language. --26. Syntax of Gerunds (§§ 223 - 231). -- Fassung vom 2011-08-26. -- URL: http://www.payer.de/hodson/hodson26.htm
First published as: Hodson, Thomas: An elementary grammar of the Kannada, or Canarese language ; in which every word used in the examples is translated, and the pronunciation is given in English characters. -- 2. ed. -- Bangalore : Wesleyan Mission Press, 1864. -- 128 p. ; 23 cm.
First time published here: 2011-08-26
©opyright: Public domain
This text is part of the section Sanskrit und Indien of Tüpfli's Global Village Library
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223. The gerund may be regarded as a suspensive tense, as its person, gender and time are determined by the final verb, except where the nominative is expressed. It is used in relating a series of actions.
224. In expressing simultaneous or nearly connected actions, the present gerund is used; as,
If instead of ಇದ್ದರು iddaru, the final verb be in the present tense, ಇದ್ಧಾರೆ iddhāre, the whole of the actions become present, and the sentence would read, "The boys are," &c.
If the future ಇರುವರು iruvaru, be used, the whole sentence is future, and would read, "The boys will be," &c. &c.
225. In relating a series of successive actions, the past gerund is used; as,
If the final verb be ಬರುವೆನು baruvenu, the whole of the actions will be future, and the sentence read, "I will go," &c.
If the final verb be of any other number or person, the whole sentence will be altered accordingly. Thus,
226. If negative actions are related, the negative gerund is used; as,
227. The repetition of the gerund denotes progress or continuance; as,
228. The past and negative gerunds sometimes express a cause; as,
229. The gerunds may have their own nominative; as,
230. The gerunds are often used in the formation of compound tenses. (See conjugation of verbs.)
231. They are used also in forming compound verbs. (See §§ 280, 281, 283, 291, 293-296, 299, 302.)
To 27. Syntax of Relative Participles (§§ 232 - 238.)