Materialien zum Sanskrit

Wichtige Wurzeln des Sanskrit


von Alois Payer

mailto:payer@payer.de


Zitierweise | cite as:

Payer, Alois <1944 - >: Wichtige Wurzeln des Sanskrit. -- (Materialien zum Sanskrit). -- Fassung vom 2008-12-04. --  URL: http://www.payer.de/sanskritmaterialien/wurzeln.htm            

Erstmals publiziert: 2008-12-04

berarbeitungen:

Anlass: Lehrveranstaltung HS 2008

opyright: Dieser Text steht der Allgemeinheit zur Verfgung. Eine Verwertung in Publikationen, die ber bliche Zitate hinausgeht, bedarf der ausdrcklichen Genehmigung des Verfassers

Dieser Text ist Teil der Abteilung Sanskrit  von Tpfli's Global Village Library


Falls Sie die diakritischen Zeichen nicht dargestellt bekommen, installieren Sie eine Schrift mit Diakritika wie z.B. Tahoma.


Diese Wurzelliste umfasst wichtige Wurzeln des Sanskrit ohne Anspruch auf Vollstndigkeit.

Reihenfolge der Angaben:

Wurzel -- (Bezeichnung im Pāṇinīya-dhātupāṭha1) -- Bedeutung -- Prsensklasse2 -- P/Ā/U = Parasmaipada bzw. Ātmanepada bzw. Ubhayapada -- Prsensformen -- Einfaches Futur (lṛt)3 -- Perfekttyp4 -- Perfektformen -- PPP (kta) -- z.B. Beispiele von davon abgeleiteten Nominalstmmen5

1 zum Pāṇinīya-dhātupāṭha siehe:

Payer, Alois <1944 - >: Einfhrung in die Exegese von Sanskrittexten : Skript.  -- Kap. 4: Die bersetzung. -- URL: http://www.payer.de/exegese/exeg04.htm#3.2

2 zu den Prsensklassen siehe:

Payer, Alois <1944 - >: Bildung der Prsensstmme. -- (Materialien zum Sanskrit). -- URL: http://www.payer.de/sanskritmaterialien/praesensstamm.htm

3 zur Bildung des einfachen Futurs (lṛt) siehe:

Payer, Alois <1944 - >: Bildung der Tempora und Modi des Prsensstamms und des einfachen Futurs. -- (Materialien zum Sanskrit). -- URL: http://www.payer.de/sanskritmaterialien/praesensmodi.htm

4 zu den Perfekttypen siehe: 

Payer, Alois <1944 - >: Die Bildung des Perfekts (liṭ). -- (Materialien zum Sanskrit). -- URL: http://www.payer.de/sanskritmaterialien/perfekt.htm

 5 zu den wichtigsten Nominalbildungen aus Wurzeln siehe:

Payer, Alois <1944 - >: Wichtige Kṛt-Suffixe (Primrsuffixe) des Sanskrit. -- (Materialien zum Sanskrit). -- URL: http://www.payer.de/sanskritmaterialien/krt.htm 

Die Beispiele zu den Nominalbildungen sollen nur Bildungsmuster verdeutlichen, sind aber keineswegs systematisch oder vollstndig.

a


aj  (jū) "salben"  7P anakti, anakṣi, ajanti ; aṅkṣyati / ajiṣyati ; Perf.1 ānaja, ānajitha; akta

z.B. aṅga, aṅganā, ajana n., ajas, aji, ājana n., vyakti, vyajaka, vyajana 3., n.,  samajana 3

ad (ad) "essen" 2P atti, adanti ; atsyati ; Perf. 1 āda, āditha; Inf. attum

z.B. adya, ādya, adana, anna, attṛ, adman, ādya, puruṣāda, puruṣādaka

an (n) "atmen" 2P aniti, ananti ; aniṣyati ; Perf. 1 āna; anita

z.B. ana, āna, ānana, apāna n., udāna n., prāṇa, vyāna m.

arc (rc) "strahlen, verehren, lobsingen" 1P arcati ; arciṣyati ; Perf. 1 ānarca ; ānarcur; arcita

z.B. arka, arcana, arcā, arci, arcis, ṛc

arth (artha) "verlangen nach" 10Ā arthayate ; arthayiṣyate ; Periphr. Perf. ārthayāṃ cakre; arthita

z.B. artha, prārthana n., prārthanā, prārthaka, prārthya

arh (rh) "wrdig sein (fr)" 1P arhati ; arhiṣyati ; Perf. 1 ānarha, ānarhitha; arhita

z.B. arha, arhant, arhaṇa n., arhaṇā

(ś) "essen" 9P aśnāti, aśnīmas, aśnanti ; aśiṣyati ; Perf. 1 āśa, āśitha; aśita

z.B. aśana n., āśa, prāś, prāśa, prāśana, prāśitṛ, samaśana n.

(śū)  "erreichen" 5Ā aśnute ; aśiyate / akṣyate ; Perf. 1 ānaśe ; aṣṭa

z.B. āśā, āśir

as (s) "werfen" 4P asyati ; asiṣyati ; Perf. 1 āsa, āsitha; asta

z.B. astra, asana, asta, astam-aya, abhyāsa, upanyāsa, nirasana 3., n., nirāsa, parāsa, parāsiṣu, parāsyas, paryasana n., paryāsa, prāsa, prāsana n., vyāsa, saṃnyāsa, samāsa

as (s) "sein" 2P asti, smas, santi (Nicht-Prsensformen von bhū 1 gebildet)

z.B. svasti

ah "sagen" nur Perf.  P. (mit Prsensbedeutung) āha, āhur

z.B. nirāha


ā


āp (āpḷ) "erreichen, erlangen"  5P āpnoti, āpnuvanti ; āpsyati ; Perf. 1 āpa, āpitha ; āpta

z.B. āpti, āpya, prāpti, īpsā, durāpana, suprāpa, duṣprāpa, pariprepsu, parīpsu, avāpti, pariprāpti, pariprāpya, paryāpti, prāpti, prāpya, prepsā, prepsu, vyāpaka, vyāpti, vyāpya, samāpaka, samāpana 3, n., samāpti

ās (āsa) "sitzen" 2Ā āste ; āsiṣyate ; Periphr. Perf. āsāṃ cakre ; āsita ; Part. Prs.: āsīna)

z.B. āsana, udāsina, paryupāsana n., samāsana n.


i


i (iṇ) "gehen"  2P eti, imas, yanti ; eṣyati ; Perf. 3a iyāya, iyayitha/iyetha, īyur ; ita

z.B. aya, ayana n., adhyayana, adhyāpana, adhyāpaka, adhyetṛ, adhīti, preta, preti, vyaya, samaya, samit, samiti, iti, preti, itya, atyaya, apyaya, avāya, āya, āyana, eti, udaya, udayana, uditi, niraya, nirayaṇa n., parivyaya, paryaya, paryāya, prāya, prāyaṇa 3, n., prāyaṇīya, preti, pratīti, pratyaya, vyaya, vyayana n., samaya

indh (indhi) "entflammen" 7Ā inddhe ; indhiṣyate ; Periphr. Perf. indhāṃ cakre ; iddha

z.B. indhana, edhas, samidh, sameddhṛ, samiddhi, samindhana n.

iṣ (ṣ) "suchen, wnschen" 6P icchati ; eṣiṣyati ; Perf. 2 iyeṣa, īṣur ; iṣṭa

z.B. icchā,  icchu, iṣṭi, eṣa, eṣaṇa n., eṣaṇā, eṣṭi, eṣya, paryeṣaṇa n., paryeṣṭi, adheṣana n., anveṣaṇīya, parīṣṭi

iṣ (ṣa) "senden" 4P iṣyati ; eṣiṣyati ; Perf. 2 iyeṣa, īṣur ; iṣṭa

z.B. iṣu, preṣa, preṣaṇa, preṣya, preṣ, saṃpreṣaṇa n.


ī


īkṣ (īkṣa) "sehen" 1Ā īkṣate ; īkṣiṣyate ; Periphr. Perf. īkṣāṃ cakre ; īkṣita

z.B. īkṣa, īkṣā, īkṣaṇa, īkṣitṛ, prekṣaṇa n., prekṣaka, prekṣitṛ, apekṣā, adhyupekṣā, anvīkṣikī (Philosophie), avekṣā, avekṣaṇa n., utprekṣaṇa n., udīkṣā, nirīkṣaka, parīkṣaka, parīkṣa, parīkṣaṇa n., parīkṣaṇā, parīkṣitṛ, prekṣaṇa n., prekṣaka, prekṣaṇīya, prekṣā, prekṣitṛ, prekṣya, pratīkṣa, pratīkṣaṇa n., vīkṣaṇa n., samīkṣaṇa 3, n., samīkṣya

īś (īśa) "herrschen" 2ā īṣṭe , īśiṣe ; īśiṣyate ; Periphr. Perf. īśāṃ cakre ; īśita

z.B. īṣa, īśana, īṣvara, īṣitṛ

īh (īha) "begehren, streben nach" 1Ā īhate ;  īhiṣyate ; Periphr. Perf. īhāṃ cakre ; īhita

z.B. īhā, eha, samīhā


ū


ūh (ūha) "schieben, verstehen" 1Ā ūhate ; ūhiṣyate ; Periphr. Perf. ūhāṃ cakre ; ūhita

z.B. ūha, ūhana, ūha, vyūha, apoha, apohana n., nirvyūha, paryūhaṇa n., pratyūha, vyūha, vyūhana 3, n., samūha



(ṛ (1) ; ṝ(9)) "gehen" 1P ṛcchati / 9P ṛṇāti ; Perf. āra, āritha, ārur / arāṃ cakāra ; ariṣyati

z.B. araṇa, arpaṇa n., aritra, nirṛti, prārpaṇa m.

ṛdh (ṛdh) "gedeihen" 5P ṛdhnoti ; ardhiṣyati ; Perf. 2 ānardha, ānṛdhur ; ṛddha

z.B. ṛddhi, samardhana 3, samṛddhi, saṃrdh


k


kath (katha) "erzhlen" 10P kathayati ; kathayiṣyati ; Perf. kathayām āsa ; kathita

z.B. kathā, kathanā, kathayitṛ

kam (kmu) "lieben" 10Ā kāmayate ; kāmayiṣyate / kamiṣyate ; Perf. kāmayāṃ cakre ; Perf. 5b cakame, cakamiṣe ; kānta ; Absol.: kāmayitvā / kamitvā / kāntvā

z.B. kāma, kamitṛ, kāmya, nikāma, nikāmana, prakāma

kamp (kpi) "zittern" 1Ā kampate ; kampiṣyate ; Perf. 1 cakampe ; kampita

z.B. kampa, kampana 3, n., kampra,  anukampā, kampana, kampra, ākampa, utkampa, utkampana, parikampa, prakampa, prakampana m.

kāṅkṣ (kākṣi) "begehren" 1P kāṅkṣati ; kāṅkṣiṣyati ; Perf. 1 cakāṅkṣa ; kāṅkṣita

z.B. kāṅkṣā, ākāṅkṣā

kāś "strahlen, sichtbar sein" (kāśṛ) 1/4Ā kāśate / kāśyate ; kāśiṣyate ; Perf. 1 cakāśe ; kāśita

z.B. kāśa, kāśī, prakāśa, sakāśa, avakāśa, ākāśa, upakāśa, nikāśa, prakāśaka, vikāśa

kup (kp) "zrnen" 4P kupyati ; kopiṣyati ; Perf. 2 cukopa, cukupur ; kupita

z.B. kopa, kopana 3, koayiṣṇu, parikopa, prakopa, prakopaṇa 3, n., pratikopa

kṛ (ḍukṛ) "machen"  8U karoti , kurmas, kurvanti ; kariṣyati ; Perf. 3a cakāra, cakartha, cakrur, cakṛma ; kṛta

z.B. kara, karaṇa, kartṛ, karman, kāraṇa, kṛti, kṛtrima, kṛtnu,  kriyā / kṛtyā, kratu, cikīrṣā, prakāra, prakṛti, vikriyā, kumbhakāra, kumbhakārī, kṣemaṃkara / kṣemakāra, priyaṃkara / priyakāra,  yaśaskara, yaśaskarī, śrāddhakara (gewohnheitgem śrāddha vollziehend), vacanakara (gehorsam), praiṣakara (gehorsam), divākara (Sonne), niśākara (Mond), kiṃkara, -ā (Faktotum), karmakara (Taglhner), karmakāra (alle Ttigkeiten verrichtend), kāraka, alaṃkaraṇa 3, kāru (Handwerker), sukṛt, pāpakṛt, pratikāra / pratīkāra, karaṇā, kṛt, kārya / kṛtya, upakaraṇa n. , upakāra, nikṛti, niṣkṛti, parikara, pariṣkāra, pariṣkriyā, prakartavya, prakāra, prakṛti, pracikīrṣu, pratikara, pratikartṛ, pratikāra, pratikṛti, pratikriyā, praticikīrṣā, vikaraṇa 3, n., vikartṛ, vikāra, vikṛti, vikriyā, saṃkṛti, saṃskaraṇa n., saṃskartṛ, saṃskārya, saṃskṛti, saṃskāra, saṃskṛta,

kṛt (kṛtī) "schneiden"   6P kṛntati ; kartiṣyati / kartsyati ; Perf. 2 cakarta ; kṛtta

z.B. karta, karttṛ, kṛntana, kartana, kartrī, kṛti, parikartana 3, nikṛntana 3.,n., parikartana 3, n., vikartana 3, n., vikarttṛ

kṛṣ (kṛṣ) "ziehen"   1P karṣati ; karkṣyati / krakṣyati ; Perf. 2 cakarṣa, cakarṣitha ; kṛṣṭa

z.B. kṛṣya, saṃkarṣaṇa 3, prakarṣa, vikarṣa, anukarṣa, ākarṣa, ākṛṣṭi, utkarṣa, utkarṣaṇa n., nikarṣa, parikarṣa, parikarṣaṇa, vikarṣa, vikarṣaṇa 3, n., saṃkarṣa, samutkarṣa

kṛṣ (kṛṣ) "pflgen"  6U kṛṣati ; karkṣyati / krakṣyati ; Perf. 2 cakarṣa, cakarṣitha ; kṛṣṭa

z.B. kṛṣya, karṣa, kṛṣi, karṣaka / kṛṣaka, karṣū, karṣaṇīya, niṣkarṣa

kṝ (kṝ) "ausstreuen" 6P kirati ; kariṣyati / karīṣyati ; Perf. 3b cakāra, cakarur ; kīrṇa

z.B. kara, kira, kīrṇi, kiraṇa, prakara, prakaritṛ, prakiraṇa, saṃkara, saṃkāra

kḷp (kṛpū) "in Ordnung sein, passend sein"   1Ā kalpate ; kalpiṣyate / kalpsyate ; Perf. 2 cakḷpe, cakḷpiṣe / cakḷpse ; kḷpta

z.B. kalpa, kḷpti, kalpaka, kalpana n., kalpanīya, kalpya, saṃkalpa, vikalpa, ākalpa, upakalpa, parikalpanā, prakalpanā, prakḷpti, vikalpa, vikalpaka, vikalpana n., saṃkḷpti

kram (krm) "schreiten" 1U kramati, kramate 4P krāmyati ; kramiṣyati ; Perf.  5c cakrāma, cakramitha ; krānta

z.B. kramya, krama, kramaṇa, caṅkrama, caṅkramaṇa 3, vikrānti, vikrama, vikramaṇa 3, atikrama, anukrama, ākrama, ākramaṇa 3, ākrānti, utkrama, utkramaṇa, utkrānti, upakrama, niṣkrama, niṣkrāmya, parākrama, parikrama, parikrānti, prakrama, prakramaṇa n., pratikramaṇa n., vikrama, vikramaṇa n., vikrānti, saṃkramaṇa n, saṃkrānti

krī (ḍukrī) "kaufen"  9U krīṇāti, krīṇanti, krīṇīte ; kreṣyati ; Perf. 3a cikrāya, cikrayitha / cikretha, cikriyur ; krīta

z.B. kraya, krayaṇa, kreya, vikraya, vikretṛ, avakraya, ākraya, niṣkraya, niṣkrayaṇa, niṣkrīti, parikraya, parikrayaṇa n., prakrī, pratikretṛ, vikraya, vikrayya, vikretṛ, vikreya

krudh (krudh) "zrnen"  4P krudhyati ; krotsyati ; Perf. 2 cukrodha, cukrudhur ; kruddha

z.B. krudh, krodha, krodhana 3

klid (kldū) "feucht werden" 4P klidyati ; klediṣyati / kletsyate ; Perf. 2 cikleda ; klinna

z.B. kleda, kledana, parikleda, utkleda (belkeit, Kotzen), prakleda, vikleda, saṃkleda

kṣam (kṣmū) "ertragen"  1Ā/4P kṣamate, kṣāmyati ; kṣamiṣyati / kṣamsyate ;  Perf. 5c cakṣame, cakṣāma ; kṣānta

z.B. kṣama, kṣamā, kṣānti, kṣamaka

kṣi (kṣi / kṣīṣ (9)) "vernichten"  1/5/9P kṣayati / kṣiṇoti / kṣiṇāti ; kṣeṣyati ; Perf. 3a cikṣāya ; kṣīṇa / kṣita

z.B. kṣaya, kṣiti, kṣapaṇa (zum Kaus. kṣapayati), kṣapayiṣṇu, apakṣaya, upakṣaya, parikṣaya, prakṣaya

kṣip (kṣip) "werfen"  6P kṣipati ; kṣepsyati ; Perf. 2 cikṣepa, cikṣepitha, cikṣipur ; kṣipta

z.B. kṣipra, kṣepa, kṣepaṇa n., kṣipa, kṣipā, kṣepya, parikṣepaka, ākṣepa, avakṣepa, ākṣepya, utkṣepa, utkṣipti, utkṣepaṇa, utkṣepaka, upakṣepa, nikṣepa, nikṣeptṛ, parikṣepa, prakṣepa, prakṣepaṇa, pratikṣepa, vikṣepa, saṃkṣepa, saṃcikṣipsu, samākhyā


kh


khād (khādṛ) "kauen" 1P khādati ; khādiṣyati ; Perf. 1 cakhāda ; khādita

z.B. khāda, khādaka, khādana, khādya, khāditṛ, cikhādiṣu, prakhāda, vikhāda

khyā (khyā) "sehen" (+ ā-: "erzhlen") (nur Prsensstamm) 2P khyāti ; khyāta

z.B.  khyāna, khyāpana, khyāti, ākhyā, ākhyāti, ākhyātṛ, ākhyāna, ākhyāpana, parisaṃkhyā, anukhyātṛ (Augenzeuge), ākhyeya, prakhyā, prakhyāna n., vikhyāti, vikhyāpana, vyākhyāna 3, n., vyākhyā, saṃkhyāna n.


g


gaṇ (gaṇa) "zhlen" 10P gaṇayati ; gaṇayiṣyati ; Perf. gaṇayāṃ cakāra ; gaṇita

z.B. gaṇa, gaṇaka, parigaṇana n., parigaṇanā, vigaṇana n.

gam (gamḷ) "gehen" 1P gacchati ; gamiṣyati ; Perf. 5c jagāma, jagamitha / jagantha, jagmur ; gata

z.B. gama, gamana, gati, gantṛ, gamya, gamanīya, jaṅgama, jigamiṣu, antaga, durga, uraga (Schlange), atiga, anuga, apaga, āgati, āgama, āgamana, upaga, upagama, upagamana, nigama, nirgama, parāgama, parigama, pratigamana n., vigama, saṃgati, saṃgama, samāgama

guh (ghū) "verbergen"   1U gūhati ; gūhiṣyati / ghokṣyati ; Perf. 6 jugūha, juguhe ; gūḍha

z.B. guh, guhā, guhya / gohya, gūhana, goha, apagoha

gai (gai) "singen"  1P gāyati (gāy-a-ti) ; gāsyati ; Perf. 4 jagau, jagātha /jagitha, jagur ; gīta

z.B. gāya, gāyatra, gāyatrī, gāyana, gītā, gīti, gīthā, geya, gāyaka, āgā (Melodie), udgātṛ, upagā, upagāna n., pragāṇa n., pragātṛ, saṃgīti

grah (grh) "ergreifen" 9U gṛhṇāti, gṛhṇanti, gṛhṇīte ; grahīṣyati ; Perf. 5a jagrāha, jagṛhur, jagrahitha ; gṛhīta

z.B. graha, grahaṇa, grahitṛ, grāha, grāhya, jighṛkṣā, jighṛkṣu, vigraha, sugraha, parigraha, parigrahaṇa 3, pragrahitṛ, parigrāhya, anugrahitṛ, anugraha, avagraha, avagṛhya, āgraha, udgrahaṇa n., udgrāha, upagraha, upagrāha, nigṛhīti, nigraha, nigrahitavya, nigrāhya, nirgraha, parigṛhīti, parigrahaṇa n., parigrahītṛ, parigrāha, parigrāhya, pragṛhya, pragraha, pratigraha, pratigrahaṇa n., pratigrahitṛ, vigraha, vigrahaṇa, saṃgraha, saṃgrahitṛ, saṃgrāhya


gh


ghrā (ghrā) "riechen"  1P jighrati ; ghrāsyati ; Perf. 4 jaghrau ; ghrāta / ghrāṇa 

z.B. ghrāṇa 3, m. n.,  ghrāti, ghreya, ujjighra, vyāghra (Tiger), ghrāyaka, āghrāṇa, samāghrāṇa n.


c


car (cr) "weiden, sich bewegen" 1P carati ; cariṣyati ; Perf. 5b cacāra, cerur ; carita

z.B. cara, caraka, caraṇa, carī, cariṣṇu, kurucara, -ī, caritra, carya, pracārya, paricarana m.n., paricāra, paricaryā, aticāra, ācaraṇa, ācāra, ācārya, upacara, upacarya, paricara, paricaraṇa m.,n., paricaryā, paricāra, paricāraka, pracaraṇa n., pracaryā, pracāra, vicara, vicaraṇa n., vicāra, saṃcara, saṃcaraṇa 3, n., saṃcariṣṇu

cal (calir, cl) "in Bewegung geraten" 1P calati ; caliṣyati ; Perf. 5b cacāla, celur ; calita

z.B.  cala, calana 3, calācala, cāla, cālana, cālya, pracala, vicalana n.

ci (ci) "aufschichten"  5U cinoti, cinvanti, cinute ; ceṣyati ; Perf. 6 (3a) cikāya / cicāya, cikayitha / ciketha, cikyur ; cita

z.B. caya,  cayana n., citi, ceya, citya, vicetṛ, viciti, apacaya, avacaya, ācaya, upacaya, upaciti, nicaya, niceya, niṣcaya, paricaya, pariciti, pracaya, vicaya, viciti, vicetṛ, viceya, saṃcaya, saṃciti, samuccaya

cit (ctī) "wahrnehmen, denken" 1P cetati ; cetiṣyati ; Perf. 2 ciceta ; citta

z.B. citti,  cetas, cikitsā, cikitsu, ācit, nicetṛ, pracetana 3., pracetas, pravicetana n., vicetas

cint (citi) "denken" 10P cintayati ; cintayiṣyati ; Perf. cintayām āsa ; cintita

z.B. cintana n, cintā, cintya, vicintana n., vicintanā, paricintaka, anucintanā, paricintaka, pracintya, pravicintaka, vicintana n., saṃcintya

cur (cura) "stehlen" 10U corayati ; corayiṣyati ; Perf. corayāṃ cakāra ; corita

z.B. cora, coraka, corī, corayitṛ, coraṇā

ceṣṭ (cṣṭa) "sich regen" 1Ā ceṣṭate ; ceṣṭiṣyate ; Perf. 1 ciceṣṭe ; ceṣṭita

z.B. ceṣṭa, ceṣṭana, ceṣṭā

cyu (cyuṅ) "sich bewegen"  1Ā cyavate ; cyoṣyate ; Perf. 3a cucyuve ; cyuta

z.B. cyut, cyuti, paricyuti


ch


chid (chidr) "abschneiden"  7U chinatti, chindanti, chinte ; chetsyati ; Perf. 2 cicheda ; chinna

z.B. chidā, chidra, chitti, cheda, chedana 3., n., chedaka, chedya, pariccheda, apacchid, avaccheda, pariccheda, paricchedaka, pracchid, praccheda, viccheda, saṃcchettṛ, samucchitti, samuccheda


j


jan (jnī) "geboren werden" 4Ā jāyate (*jn-y-a-te) ; janiṣyate ; Perf. 5a jaje, jajiṣe ; jāta

z.B. jana, janaka, janana 3, paṅkaja (Lotus), dvija, janitṛ, janayitṛ, janayiṣṇu, janas, janā, jani, janī, janitra,, janus, jāti, janman, janya, anuja, upaja, upajana, upajanana, praja, prajana, prajanana, prajanayitṛ, prajaniṣṇu, prajanu (Vagina), prajā, prajāti, pratijanman, saṃjanana 3, n.

jap (jp) 1P "murmeln" 1P japati ; japiṣyati ; Perf. 5b jajāpa, jepur ; japita

z.B. japa, japana n., japya, jāpa, jāpya, upajāpa, pratijāpa

jāgṛ (jāgṛ) "wach sein" 2P jāgarti, jāgrati ; jāgariṣyati ; Perf. jajāgāra / jāgarāṃ cakāra ; jāgarita

z.B. jāgara, jāgaraṇa n., jāgariṣṇu

ji (ji) "siegen" 1P jayati ; jeṣyati ; Perf 6 (3a) jigāya , jigayitha / jigetha, jigyima, jigyur ; jita

z.B. śatrujaya, jigīṣu, jetṛ, indrajit, prajit, jaya, jayiṣṇu, jayus, jayya, jit, jiti, jina, jiṣṇu, jeya, nirjaya, nirjetṛ, parājaya, parājiṣṇu, prajaya, vijaya, vijigīṣu, vijetṛ, saṃjaya, saṃjiti

jīv (jīv) "leben" 1P jīvati ; jīviṣyati ; Perf. 1 jijīva ; jīvita

z.B. jīva, jīvaka, jīvana, jīvā, jīvya, ājīva, ājīvana, ājīvya, upajīvana, prajīvana n., saṃjīvana 3, n.

juṣ (jṣī) "zufrieden sein" 6Ā juṣate ; joṣiṣyate ; Perf. 2 jujuṣe ; juṣṭa

z.B. juṣṭi, joṣa, joṣaṇa n., joṣṭṛ

jṝ (jṝṣ , jṝ (9)) "altern" 4/9P jīryati / jṛṇati ; jariṣyati / jarīṣyati ; Perf3b jajāra, jajarur / 5b jerur ; jīrṇa

z.B. jara, jaraṇa 3, jaraṇā, jaras, jarā, jarjara

(jā) "erkennen"  9U jānāti, jānanti, jānīte ; jāsyati ; Perf. 4 jajau, jajātha / jajitha, jaje ; jāta

z.B. jāti, jātṛ, jāna n., jnāpaka, jeya, jijāsu, jana n., jāpana n., jnīpsā, parijnāpti, anujā, avajā, avajāna, ājāpti, ājā, upajā, parijāna n., praja, prajapti, praja,  prajā, prajāti, prajātṛ, prajāna 3, n., prajāopanā, pratija, pratijā, vijijāsu, vija, vijapti, vijāti, vijātṛ, vijāna n., vijāpana n. vijapanīya, vijeya, saṃjā, saṃjāti, sāmjāna 3, n.


t


tan (tn) "aufspannen" 8U tanoti, tanvanti, tanute ; taniṣyati ; Perf. 5b tatāna, tene ; tata

z.B. tati, tana, tanya, tanas, tantu, tanti, tantra, parisaṃtāna (Sehne), pratāna, vitati, saṃtāna

tap (tap) "durchglhen"  1P tapati ; tapsyati ; Perf. 5b tatāpa, tepur ; tapta

z.B. paraṃtapa, dviṣaṃtapa, tapana 3, tapas, tapa n.,tapanīya, tapiṣṇu, tapu, tapus, tapti, tāpa, tāpayiṣṇu, anutāpa, ātapa, uttāpa, upatāpa, paritāpa, parītāpa, pratāpa, saṃtapana n., saṃtāpa, saṃtāpya

tud (tud) "stoen"  6U tudati ; totsyati ; Perf. 2 tutoda, tutoditha, tutudur ; tunna

z.B. toda, todana, tottra, vidhuṃtuda (Mondstosser = Rāhu), nitoda, pratoda

tuṣ (tuṣ) "zufrieden sein" 4P tuṣyati ; tokṣyati ; Perf. 2 tutoṣa, tutuṣur ; tuṣṭa

z.B. tuṣṭi, toṣa, toṣaka, toṣaṇa 3, n., parituṣṭi, paritoṣa, parītoṣa, pratuṣṭi, saṃtuṣṭi, saṃtoṣa

tṛp (tṛp, tṛp (4)) "sich sttigen"   4/6P tṛpyati / tṛpati ; tarpiṣyati / tarpsyati / trapsyati ; Perf. 2 tatarpa ; tṛpta

z.B. tarpaka, tarpaṇa n., tṛpti, paritarpaṇa, apatarpaṇa, saṃtarpaṇa 3, n., saṃtṛpti

tṝ (tṝ) "berqueren" 1P tarati ; tariṣyati / tarīṣyati ; Perf. 3b tatāra, teritha / tataritha, tatarur / terur ; tīrṇa

z.B. taraṇī, taras, tari, tārā, tāraka, tāraṇa 3., n., tārya, avataraṇa, avtāra, ātara, uttāra, nistāra, nistāraṇa, prataraṇa 3, n., prataritṛ, pratāra, vitaraṇa n., saṃtāra, samuttāra

tyaj (tyaj) "verlassen"  1P tyajati ; tyakṣyati ; Perf. 5c tatyāja, tatyajitha / tatyaktha, tatyajur ; tyakta

z.B. tyaktṛ, tyajana n, tyajas, tyāga, tyājaka, tyājana,  n., tyājya, parityāga, parityājya, saṃtyāga

trai (traiṅ) "retten"  1Ā trāyate ; trāsyate ; Perf. 4 tatre ; trāṇa / trāta

z.B. trāṇa n., trātṛ, trātra, trāman, paritrāṇa, paritrātṛ, samtrāṇa n.

tvar (itvarā) "eilen" 1Ā tvarate ; tvariṣyate ; Perf. 5c tatvare ; tvarita / tūrṇa

z.B. tvaraṇa 3, tvarā, saṃtvāra


d


daṃś (danś) "beien"  1P daśati ; daṅkṣyati ; Perf. 1 dadaṃśa ; daṣṭa

z.B. damśa, damśana n., daṃśman, daṃṣṭṛ, daṃṣṭrā, ādaṃśa, saṃdaṃśa

dam (dmū) "bndigen" 4P dāmyati ; damiṣyati ; Perf. 5b dadāma ; damita / dānta

z.B. ariṃdama, damaka, damana 3, dama, damyitṛ, damitṛ

dah (dah) "(ver)brenen"  1p dahati ; dhakṣyati ; Perf. 5b dadāha, dehitha ; dagdha

z.B. dahana 3, m., n., dāha, dāhaka, dāhya, paridāha, nirdahana 3, n., nirdāha, paridāha, pradahana n., pradāha, vidāha

(ḍudā) "geben" 3U dadāti, dadati, datte ; dāsyati ; Perf. 4 dadau, daditha / dadātha, dade ; datta

z.B. prada, dāyaka, dātṛ, dātra, dāna, dāya,dānīya, anudeya, ādātṛ, ādāna, ādeya, upadā, parādāna n., paridā, paridāna, pratti, pradātṛ, pradāna, pradāpayitṛ, pradāya, praditsā, pradeya, pratidāna, videya, samādāna n., samādāpana n.

diś (diś) "zeigen"  6U diśati ; dekṣyati ; Perf. 2 dideśa, didiśur ; diṣṭa

z.B. diś, diśā, diṣṭi, deśya, deṣṭṛ, upadeṣṭṛ, ādeṣṭṛ, uddeśa, upadiś, upadeśa, nideśa, nirdeśa, nirdeśya, pradiś, pradeśa, saṃdeśa

dih (dih) "bestreichen"  2U degdhi, digdhe ; dhekṣyati ; Perf. 2 dideha, didihe ; digdha

z.B. dehya, upadeha, saṃdeha

dīp (dīpī) "flammen" 4Ā dīpyate ; dīpiṣyate ; Perf. 1 didīpe ; dīpta

z.B. dīpa, dīpti, dīpra, uddīpana, pradīpa, pradīpaka, pradīpana 3, n., saṃdīpana 3, n.

duṣ (duṣ) "verderben" 4P duṣyati ; dokṣyati ; Perf. 2 dudoṣa, duduṣur ; duṣṭa

z.B. duṣṭi, dūṣaṇa 3, n, dūṣaka, dūṣya, pradūṣaka, pradoṣa, saṃdūṣaṇa 3, n.

duh (duh) "melken" 2U dogdhi, dhhokṣi, dugdhe ; dhokṣyati ; Perf. 2 dudoha, duduhe ; dugdha

z.B. duha, duhitṛ (Tocher), doha, dohana 3, n., dohas, kāmadugha, dogdhṛ, godhuk, pradhuk, duhya / dohya, dohanī (Melkkessel), saṃdoha

dṛś (dṛśr) "sehen" (4P paśyati) ; drakṣyati ; Perf. 2 dadarśa, dadraṣṭha / dadrśitha, dadṛśur ; dṛṣṭa

z.B. dṛśi, didṛkṣu, draṣṭṛ, tādṛśa / tādṛk, dṛṣṭi, dṛśya, ādarśa, darśa, darśaka, darśana, darśanīya, darśayitṛ, upadraṣṭṛ, nidarśana, paridraṣṭṛ, pradarśa, pradarśaka, pratidarśa, pratidarśana n., pratidṛś, saṃdarśa, saṃdidṛkṣu, saṃdṛś, saṃdṛṣṭi

dyut (dyta) "aufleuchten" 1Ā dyotate ; dyotiṣyate ; Perf. didyute ; dyutita

z.B. dyut, dyuti, dyotana 3, n., dyotya, uddyota, pradyota, vidyut, vidyotaka

dru (dru) "rennen" 1P dravati ; droṣyati ; Perf. 3a dudrāva, dudruvur ; druta

z.B. druti, anudravaṇa n., uddrāva, upadrava, pradrava, vidrava, vidrāvaṇa 3, n., vidruti

druh (drh) "schdigen" 4P druhyati ; drohiṣyati / dhrokṣyati ; Per.2 dudroha, dudruhur ; drūḍha / drugdha

z.B. druh, mitradhruk, pradhruk, droha

dviṣ (dviṣ) "hassen" 2U dveṣṭi, dvekṣi, dviṣanti, dviṣṭe ; dvekṣyati ; Perf. 2 didveṣa, didviṣe ; dviṣṭa

z.B. dviṣ, dviṣa, dveṣa, dveṣaṇa 3, n., dveṣas, dveṣṭṛ, dveṣya, mitradviṭ, pradviṭ, pradveṣa, pradveṣaṇa n., vidveṣa, vidveṣaka, vidveṣaṇa 3, n.vidveṣya


dh


dhā (ḍudhā) 3U "setzen, legen, stellen" dadhāti, dadhati, dhatte ; dhāsyati ; Perf. 4 dadhau, dadhātha / dadhitha, dadhe ; hita

z.B. dhātu, dhātṛ, dhātrī, dhāna 3., n., dhānī, dhāman, dhāya, dheya, sandhi, nidhi, praṇidhi, samādhi, jaladhi (Meer), śirodhi (Hals), iṣudhi (Kcher), rājadhānī (Knigssitz, Hauptstadt), patidhi, apidhi, apidhāna, pidhāna, pidhitsu, pihiti, ādhātṛ, ādhāna, ādhi, ādheya, āhiti, upadhā, upadhāna 3., n., upadhi, nidhātṛ, nidhāna n., nidhi, nidheya, paridhāna n., paridhi, parīdhāna, pradhana, pradhanya, pradhāna 3, pratidhāna n., pratinidhi, vidha, vidhātṛ, vidhāna 3, n., vidhi, vidheya, saṃdhā, samdhāna 3, n., saṃdhi, saṃdheya, saṃhitā, saṃhiti, samādhāna n., samādhi

dhū (dhū (6); dhū (9)) "schtteln" 5U/9U/6P dhūnoti / dhunāti / dhuvati ; dhavṣyati / dhoṣyati ; Perf. 3a dudhāva, dudhuve ; dhūta / dhūna

z.B. dhūti, dhavitra, vidhūti, vidhūnana 3, n.

dhṛ (dhṛ) "festhalten"  1U dharati ; dhariṣyati ; Perf. 3a dadhāra, dadhartha, dadhre, dadhriṣe ; dhṛta

z.B. dhraṇa, dharaṇī, dharā, dharitrī, dhartra, dharma, dhāraṇa 3, n., dhārayitṛ, dārayiṣṇu, dhārya, sūtradhāra, -ī, vasuṃdharā, yugaṃdhara, dhārā, dhṛti, avadhāraṇa, avadhārya, ādhāra, paridhāraṇa n., pratidhartṛ, vidhartṛ, vidharman, vidhāraṇa 3, n., vidhṛti, saṃdhāraṇa 3, n., saṃdhārya

dhmā (dhmā) "blasen"  1P dhamati (!) ; dhmāsyati ; Perf. 4 dadhmau, dadhmur ; dhmāta

z.B. dhmātṛ, dhmāna n., dhama, uddhama, nāsikaṃdhama

dhyai (dhyai) "sich vorstellen, denken2  1P dhyāyati ; dhyāsyati ; Perf. 4 dadhyau ; dhyāta

z.B. dhyā, dhyāna n., dhyeya, avadhyāna, pradhyāna n.


n


nad (ṇd) "ertnen, brllen" 1P nadati ; nadiṣyati ; Perf. 5b nanāda, nedur ; nadita

z.B. nada, nāda, ninada / nināda, anunnāda, ninada, nināda, pratināda, pratininada, vinada, samunnāda

nand (ṭund) "sich freuen" 1P nandati ; nadiṣyati ; Perf. 1 nananda ; nandita

z.B. nanda, nandaka, nandana 3, n., m., nandya, ānanda, pratinandana n.

nam (ṇam) "beugen"  1P namati ; naṃsyati ; Perf. 5b nanāma, nemur ; nata

z.B. namana 3, m., namas, namya, namra, nāmana 3, nāmya, nati, nantṛ, pariṇati, pariṇāma, apanāma, avanati, ānati, unnati, upanati, pariṇati, pariṇāma, pariṇinaṃsu, praṇati, praṇamana, vināma, saṃnati, samunnati

naś (ṇś) "verlorengehen"  4P naśyati ; naśiṣyati / naṅkṣyati ; Perf. 5b nanāśa, neśur ; naṣṭa

z.B. naśana n., naśvara, naṣṭi, nāśa, nāśana 3, n., nāṣṭra, praṇāśa, praṇāśana 3, n., vinaśana n., vinaṣṭi, vināśa, vināśaka, vināśana 3, n.

nind (ṇd) "schmhen, tadeln" 1P nindati ; nindiṣyati ; Perf. 1 nininda ; nindita

z.B. nindaka, nindana n., nindā, nindya, nindanīya, ninditṛ, vininda, vinindā

(ṇī) "fhren"  1U nayati ; neṣyati ; Perf. 3a nināya, ninayitha / ninetha, ninyima, ninyur ; nīta

z.B. neya, nāyaka, netṛ, senānī, grāmaṇī, praṇī, nayaq, nāya, praṇaya, nīti, netra, nayanīya, pariṇaya, pariṇetṛ, anunaya, anunīti, ānayana, ānīti, unnetṛ, upanaya, upanayana n., nirṇaya, nirṇetṛ, pariṇaya, parinetṛ, praṇaya, praṇāyaka, praṇī, praṇīti, praṇetṛ, praṇeya, vinaya, vinayana 3, n., vināyaka, vininīṣu, vineya, saṃnaya, samānayana n.

nud (ṇud, ṇud) "stoen"  6U nudati ; notsyati ; Perf. 2 nunoda, nunude ; nunna / nutta

z.B. nunutsu, noda, nodana 3., n., nodya, apanutti, apanoda, nirnoda, parāṇutti, praṇud, pratinoda, vinutti, vinoda

nṛt (nṛtī) "tanzen" 4P nṛtyati ; nartiṣyati ; Perf. 2 nanartha, nanṛtur ; nṛtta

z.B. nṛt, nṛti, nṛtya, nartaka, -ī, nartana m., n., nartayitṛ


p


pac (ḍupacs) "garen"  1U pacati ; pakṣyati ; Perf. 5b papāca, papaktha / pecitha, pecur ; (pakva)

z.B. paca, pacana 3, n., pācaka, pācana 3, n., paci (Feuer), pāka, pākya, pākima, pācaka, pācana 3, n., pācya, paripāka, paripācana 3, parīpāka, vipāka

pat (ptḷ) "fliegen" 1P patati ; patiṣyati ; Perf. 5b papāta, petur ; patita

z.B. patana 3, pattra, patman, pāta, pātaka, pātana 3, n., pātayitṛ, nipatyā (schlpfriger Untergrund), avapāta, āpatti, utpatana, utpatti, upapatti, upapāta, nipāta, nipātana, niṣpatana, niṣpatti, niṣpad (Exkrement), niṣpāta, paripatana n., prapatana n., prapitsu

pad (pada) "schreiten"  4Ā padyate ; patsyate ; Perf. 5b pede, pediṣe ; panna

z.B. pada, padaka, padanīya, patti, pāda, pādu, padana 3, sampad, vipad, āpad, anupada 3, avapāda, utpāda, udpādana, utpādaka, upapad, upapādana, niṣpādaka, paripad, prapad, prapadana n., pratipatti, pratipad, pratipādana 3., n., pratipādayitṛ, vipatti, vyutpatti, saṃpatti, saṃpad, saṃpādaka, samāpatti

(pā) "trinken"  1P pibati ; pāsyati ; Perf. 4 papau, papitha / papātha, papur ; pīta

z.B. pātavya, pātṛ, pātra, pāna n., pānaka, pānīya, pīti, peya, utpiba, pāyaka, payas, pīti, pānīya, avapāna, āpāna, upapāyana, nipāna n., prapā, prapāna n., pratipāna, pratipālana n., vipāna n., saṃpā

(pā) "hten"  2P pāti, pānti ; pāsyati ; Perf. 4 papau, papitha / papātha, papur ; Kaus. pālayati ; pāta

z.B. pātavya, pātṛ, pāna 3, n., pālaka, pālya, paripāṇa m.,n., adhipa, prapālaka, prapālana n.

(pū (9); pūṅ (1)) "reinigen" 9U/1 Ā punāti, punīte / pavate ; paviṣyati ; Perf. 3a pupāva, pupuve ; pūta

z.B. pava, pavitra, pāvana 3., n., pūtrima, paripūti, utpavana n,

pṝ (pṝ) "fllen" 3P piparti, pipūrmas, pipurati ; pariṣyati / parīṣyati ; Perf. 3b papāra, paparitha, paprur / paparur ; pūrṇa / pūrita

z.B. pūraṇa, pūrayitṛ, pūrti, paripūrti, pratipūraṇa n., saṃpūraṇa n.

pracch (eigtl. praś) (prach) "fragen"  6P pṛcchati ; prakṣyati ; Perf. 1 papraccha, papracchur, pṛṣṭa

z.B. pṛcchaka, pṛcchā, pṛcchya, praśna, praṣṭṛ, vipraśna

prī (prī (9); prīṅ (4)) "erfreuen, lieben"  9U prīṇāti, 4Ā prīyate "sich freuen" ; preṣyati ; Perf. 3a piprāya, pipriye ; prīta

z.B. priya, prīṇana n., pṛiti, preman, pariprī, pretṛ, preman, preyas, saṃpriya, samprīti

plu (pluṅ) "schwimmen, fluten"  1Ā plavate ; ploṣyate ; Perf. 3a pupluve ; pluta

z.B. plava, plavitṛ, plāva, pluti, pariplava 3, utplavana n., upaplava, praplāvana n., pratiplavana n., viplava, saṃplava


b


bandh (bandh) "binden"  9P badhnāti (aus *bndh-nā-ti), badhnīmas, badhnanti ; bhantsyati ; Perf. 1 babandha, babandhitha / babanddha, babandhur : baddha

z.B. bandha, bandhaka, bandhana 3, n., bandhu, bandhya, anubandha / anūbandha, ābandha, ābandhana n., udbandhana n., upabandha, nibanddhṛ, nibandha, nirbandha, prabanddhṛ, prabandha, prabandhana n., pratibandha, pratibandhaka, saṃbandha, samudbandhana n.

budh (bdh (1), budha (4), bdhr (1)) 1U/4Ā bodhati, budhyate ; bodhiṣyati, bhotsyate ; Perf. 2 bubodha, bubudhe ; bodhita / buddha

z.B. budha, bodha, bodhaka, bodhana 3, n., bodhi, boddhṛ, buddhi, bodhya, paribodhanā, avabodha, prabudh, prabodha, pratibuddhi, pratibodha, pratibodhaka, pratibodhan n., vibodha, vibodhana m., n., saṃbuddhi, saṃbubodhayiṣu, saṃbodha

brū (brū) "sagen" nur Prsensstamm 2U bravīti, brūmas, bruvanti, brūte


bh


bhaj (bhaja) "(ver)teilen"  1U bhajati ; bhakṣyati ; Perf. 5b (!) babhāja, babhaktha / bhejitha, bheje ; bhakta

z.B. bhakti, bhaga, bhajaka, bhāga, bhājaka, bhājana 3, n., bhājya, ardhabhāk, prabhāk, bhakti, bhāga, nirbhājya, vibhakti, vibhaktṛ, vibhaṅga, vibhāga, vibhājaka

bhaj (bhaj) "brechen"  7P bhanakti, bhaṅktha, bhajanti ; bhaṅkṣyati ; Perf. 1 babhaja, babhajitha / babhaṅktha, babhajur ; bhagna

z.B. bhaṅga, bhaṅktṛ, bhajaka, avabhaṅga, avabhajana, upabhaṅga, prabhaṅga, prabhajana 3, m.

bhā (bhā) "scheinen, strahlen"  2P bhāti ; bhāsyati ; Perf. 4 babhau ; bhāta

z.B. bhāti, bhāna n., bhānu, ābhā, prabhā, pratibhā, pratibhāna, vibhā

bhāṣ (bhāṣa) "sprechen" 1Ā bhāṣate ; bhāṣiṣyate ; Perf. 1 babhāṣe ; bhāṣita

z.B. bhāṣaka, bhāṣā, bhāṣitṛ, bhāṣya, apabhāṣaṇa n., ābhāṣa, paribhāṣaka, prabhāṣaṇa n., saṃbhāṣa

bhās (bhāsṛ) "leuchten, scheinen" 1Ā bhāsate ; bhāsiṣyate ; Perf. 1 babhāse ; bhāsita

z.B. bhāsa, bhāsaka, bhāsana n., bhāsas, bhāsya, avabhāsa, ābhāsa, nirbhāsa, nirbhāsana, prabhāsana n., pratibhāsa, vibhās, samudbhāsana n.

bhid (bhidr) "spalten"  7U bhinatti, bhindanti ; bhatsyati ; Perf. 2 bibheda, bibhide ; bhinna

z.B. bhidā, bhidura, bhidya, bhettṛ, bheda, bhedaka, bhadya, kāṇṭhabhid, prabhid, bhidā, bhitti, bhedya, udbhid, udbheda, upabheda, nirbheda, paribheda, prabheda, pratibheda, vibhitti, vibhettṛ, vibheda, saṃbheda, samudbheda

bhī (ibhī) "frchten" 3P bibheti, bibhīmas, bibhyati ; bheṣyati ; Perf. 3a bibhāya, bibhayitha / bibhetha, bibhyur, Perf. bibhayāṃ cakāra ; bhīta

z.B. bhaya n. (!), bhīti, bhīma, bhīra, bhīru, bhīṣaṇa 3, bhīṣā, bhīṣma, bhetavya, bheya, vibhīṣaṇa 3, bhāyanaka, pratibhaya

bhuj (bhuj) "genieen" Ā: "essen" P: "regieren"  7U bhunakti, bhuṅkte ; bhokṣyati ; Perf. 2 buboja, bubhuje ; bhukta

z.B. bhujiṣyā, bubhukṣu, bhoktṛ, bhoga, bhukti, bhoja, bhojaka, bhojana 3, n., bhojayitṛ,  bhojayitavya, bhojya, bhojanīya, bhogya, paribhoga, ābhoga, paribhoktṛ, pratibhoga, saṃbhoga, sambhojya

bhū (bhū) "werden, sein" 1P bhavati ; bhaviṣyati ; Perf. 6 babhūva, babhūvitha, babhūvur ; bhūta

z.B. bhū, bhūti, bhūmi, bhava, bhavana n., bhavanīya, bhavitavya, bhavya, bhāva, bhāvana 3, n., bhāvaka, bhāvya, vibhu, prabhu, saṃbhu, bhavitṛ, prabhava, bhāva, bhāvanā, bhāvya / bhavya, adhibhū, anubhāva, ābhū, ābhūti, udbhava, udbhāvana, udbhū, udbhūti, nirbhūti, parābhava, parābhāva, parābhūti, paribhū, paribhūti, prabhava, prabhavitṛ, prabhaviṣṇu, prabhavya, prabhāva, prabhāvana 3, n. prabhāvayitṛ, prabhu, prabhū, prabhūti, pratibhū, vibhava, vibhāvana, vibhāvya, vibhu, vibhū, vibhūti, vibhūman, saṃbhava, sambhaviṣṇu, saṃbhāvanā, saṃbhāvanīya, saṃbhāvayitavya, saṃbhāvya, saṃbhūti, samudbhava

bhṛ (bhṛn (1); ḍubhṛ (3) "tragen" 1/3U bharati / bibharti, bibhrati ; bhariṣyati ; Perf. 3a babhāra, babartha, babhrur, Perf. bibharāṃ cakāra ; bhṛta

z.B. bhṛti, viśvaṃbhara, bhartṛ, bharaṇa n., bharman, bhṛtyā (Arbeitslohn), bhāra, bhārya, -ā, prabhartṛ, prabhṛti, saṃbhara, saṃbharaṇa n., saṃbhṛti

bhraṃś (bhrnś) "entfallen" 4P/1Ā bhraśyati / bhraṃśate ; bhraṃśiṣyati ; Perf. 1 babhraṃśa, babhraṃśe ; bhraṣṭa

z.B. bhraṃśa, apabhraṃśa, paribhraṃśa, vibhraṃśa

bhram (bhrm) "umherirren" 1/4P bhramati / bhrāmyati ; bhramiṣyati ; Perf. 5c/5b babhrāma, babhramur / bhremur ; bhrānta

z.B. bhrama, bhramaka, bhramaṇa n., bhrānti, bhrāma, paribhrama, paribhramaṇa n, paribhrāmaṇa n., vibhrama, vibrānti, saṃbhrama


m


math / manth "quirlen, schtteln" (mth / mnth) 1/9P mathati / manthati / mathnāti ; manthiṣyati ; Perf. 5b/1 mamātha / mamantha, methur / mamanthur ; mathita

z.B. mathana 3, n., mathitṛ, mathya, mathra, mātha, vimātha

mad (mdī) "sich freuen" 4P mādyati ; madiṣyati ; Perf. 5b mamāda, medur ; matta, saṃmati

z.B. madana 3, m., mada, madya, mādaka, mādana 3, mādanīya, mādayiṣṇu, pramādya, unmāda, pramāda, unmada, pramad, pramada, pramadana n., pramāda

man (mana) "denken" 4Ā manyate ; maṃsyate ; Perf. 5b mene ; mata, vimati

z.B. manana 3, n., manas, manu, mantavya, mantṛ, mantra m., māna, paṇḍitaṃmanya (jemand, der sich fr einen Gelhrten hlt), darśanīyaṃmanya (jemand, der sich fr schn hlt, ein Stenz) manana n., manyā, mananīya, anumati, āmana, pramati

(mā (2); māṅ (3,4)) "messen"  2P/3Ā/4Ā māti / mimīte, mimate / māyate ; māsyati ; Perf. 4 mamau, mame ; mita

z.B. mātṛ, mātra, mātrā, nirmātṛ, māna n., māpana n., miti, mānīya, parimā, parimāṇa, parīmāṇa, parimiti, parimeya, apamāna m/n., unmā, unmāna n., upamā, upamāna 3., n., upamiti, upameya, nirmā, nirmāṇa, nirmātṛ, nirmiti, pramā, pramāṇa n., pramātṛ, pramiti, pratimā, pratimāna n. pratimānanā, pratimiti, vimāna 3, n.

muc (muc`ḷ) "loslassen, befreien" 6U mucati ; mokṣyati ; Perf. 2 mumoca, mumucur ; mukta

z.B. muca, mokṣa, mukti, mokṣa, moktṛ, mokṣaka, mokṣayitṛ, mocaka, mocana 3, n., mocya, avamocana, nirmukti, nirmokṣa, nirmocana, parimokṣa, pramukti, pramokṣa, pramocana 3, n., pratimukti, pratimokṣaṇa n., pratimocana n., vimukti, vimokṣa, vimocaka, vimokṣaṇa 3, n.

muṣ (mṣ) "stehlen" 9P muṣṇāti ; moṣiṣyati ; Perf. 2 mumoṣa ; muṣita

z.B. moṣa, moṣaṇa 3, n., parimoṣa, āmoṣa, parimoṣaka, parimoṣaṇa, pramoṣa

muh (mh) "verwirrt sein" 4P muhyati ; mohiṣyati / mokṣyati ; Perf. 2 mumoha, mumuhur ; mugdha / mūḍha

z.B. moha, mohana 3, n., mohanīya, mohuka, parimohana, avamohana, pramoha, pramohana 3, vimoha, saṃmoha, saṃmohaka

mṛ (mṛṅ) "sterben" 6Ā (eigtl. 4Ā) mriyate ; mariṣyati (P!) ; Perf. 3a mamāra, mamrur (P!) ; mṛta

z.B. martya, martya, mṛtaka, mṛti, mṛtyu,


y


yaj (yaj) "mit einem Opfer verehren, opfern" 1U yajati ; yakṣyati ; Perf. 5a iyāja, iyaṣṭha / iyajitha, ījur ; iṣṭa

z.B. yaji (Opferer), yajati, yajana n., yajas, yajiṣṇu, yajus, yaja, ijyā, yājya, yāga, avayajana, prayaj, samiṣṭi

yat (ytī) "streben" 1Ā yatate ; yatiṣyate ; Perf 5b yete ; yatta

z.B. yatna, āyatana, āyatti, prayatna, pratiyatna

yam (yam) "halten" 1P yacchati (*ym-ccha-ti) ; yaṃsyati ; Perf. 5c yayāma, yemur ; yata

z.B. yama, yamana 3, n., yāmaka, yantṛ, samyama / samyāma, niyama / niyāma, yati, yamya, prayāmya, āyati, āyamana, udyāma, upayama, upayantṛ, niyati, niyantṛ, niyama, niyamana, prayati, prayantṛ, saṃyama, samudyama

(yā) "gehen" 2P yāti, yānti ; yāsyati ; Perf. 4 yayau, yayur ; yāta

z.B. yātavya, yāna n., yānaka, yāni, yātra, yāpana, yāpya, yāma, yāman, anuyātra, avayāna, āyāti, upayāna, niyāna, niryāṇa, prayā, prayāṇa n. prayātṛ, pratiyāna, saṃyāna

yuj (yujr (7); yuja (4)) "anschirren" 7U/4Ā yunakti, yuṅkte / yujyate ("sich konzentrieren") ; yokṣyati ; Perf. 2 yuyoja, yuyuje ; yukta

z.B. aśvayuk, prayuk, yukti, yuga, yugma, yujya, yoga, yoktra, yojaka, yojana n., yojya, yogya, yugya, āyoga, āyojana n., udyoga, upayoga, upayojana, niyoktṛ, niyoktavya, niyoga, niyojana, niyojya, prayukti, prayuj, prayoktṛ, prayoktra, prayoga, prayogya, prayojaka, prayojana n. prayojya, pratiyoga, viyoga, viyojana n., saṃyuga, saṃyoga, saṃyojana n., samudyoga

yudh (yudha) "kmpfen" 4Ā yudhyate ; yotsyate ; Perf. 2 yuyudhe ; yuddha

z.B. yodha, yodhaka, syoddhṛ, yodhya, āyudha, āyodhana n., niyodhaka, prayudh, pratiyoddhṛ, pratiyodhana n.


r


rakṣ (rkṣ) "hten" 1P rakṣati ; rakṣiṣyati ; Perf. 1 rarakṣa, rarakṣur ; rakṣita

z.B. rakṣa, rakṣaka, rakṣaṇa m., n., rakṣaṇīya, rakṣā, rakṣitṛ, rakṣṇa, rakṣya, rirakṣiṣu, parirakṣa, parirakṣaka, parirakṣaṇa 3, n., ārakṣa, ārakṣā, ārakṣaṇa m., prarakṣaṇa, saṃrakṣa, saṃrakṣaka, saṃrakṣā

rabh (rabha) "fassen" 1Ā rabhate ; rapsyate ; Perf. 5b rebhe ; rabdha

z.B. rabhas, rambha, parirambha, parīrambha, parirambhaṇa, ārabhya, ārambha, ārambhaṇa, saṃrambha

ram (rama) "stille stehen, Gefallen finden" 1Ā (nach einigen Prverbien P) ramate ; ramsyate ; Perf. 5b reme ; rata

z.B. ramaṇa 3, m., n., ramaṇīya, ramā, rāma, rāmā, rati, riraṃsā, ārati, ārāma, uparati, uparama, virati, virama, viramaṇa n., virāma

rādh (rādh (5); rādho (4) "gedeihen, gelingen" 5/4P rādhnoti / rādhyati ; rātsyati ; Perf, 5b rarādha, redhur ; rāddha

z.B. rādhas, aparādha (Vergehen), ārādha, ārādhana 3, n., saṃrādhana 3, n.

ric (ricr) "rumen, loslassen" 7U riṇakti, riṅkte ; rekṣyati ; Perf. 2 rireca, ririce ; rikta

z.B. reca, recaka, recya, udreka, prareka, prarecana n.

rud (rdr) "weinen, heulen" 2P roditi, rudanti ; rodiṣyati ; Perf. 2 ruroda, rurudur ; rudita

z.B. rudra, roda

rudh (rudhr; rudha (4)) "stoppen" 7U ruṇaddhi, runddhe ; nach anu- 4Ā anurudhyate ; rotsyati ; Perf.2 rurodhe, rurudhe ; ruddha

z.B. roddhavya, roddhṛ, rodha, rodhas, nirodha, nirodhya, avarodha, avarodhana n. (u.a. Harem, Zenana), ārodha, uparodha, nirodha, niroddhṛ, parirodha, pratiroddhṛ, pratirodha, pratirodhan, virodha, virodhaka

ruṣ (rṣ) "zrnen" 4/10P ruṣyati / roṣayati ; roṣiṣyati ; Perf.2 ruroṣa ; ruṣita / ruṣṭa

z.B. roṣa

ruh (ruh) "besteigen" 1P rohati ; rokṣyati ; Perf.2 ruroha, ruruhe ; Kaus. rohayati / ropayati ; rūḍha

z.B. ruh, rūḍhi, roha, rohaka, rohaṇa n., rohas, adhiruh, adhiropaṇa n., adhirohaṇa n., avarohaṇa 3, n., ārurukṣu, āruh, āroha, āropa, ārohaṇa, praruh, praroha, viroha, saṃroha, samārohaṇa n.


l


lap (lp) "schwatzen" 1P lapati ; lapiṣyati ; Perf.5b lalāpa, lepur ; lapita

z.B. lapana n., apalāpa, pralapana n., pralāpa, vipralāpa, vilapana n., vilāpa, vilāpana 3, saṃlapana n., saṃlāpa

labh (ḍulabhaṣ) "ergreifen" 1Ā labhate ; lapsyate ; Perf.5b lebhe ; labdha

z.B. lābha, labdhi, labhya, durlabha, ālambha, upalabdhi, upalambha, pralbdhṛ, pralambha, pratilambha, pratilābha

lamb (lbi) "hngen" 1Ā lambate ; lambiṣyate ; Perf. 1 lalambe ; lambita

z.B. lamba, lambana 3, lambaka, avalamba, ālamba, ālambana, parilamba, pralamba, vilamba

likh (lkh)  "ritzen"  6P likhati ; lekhiṣyati ; Perf. 2 lilekha, lilikhur ; likhita

z.B. likha, likhana n., likhitṛ, lekha, lekhā, lekhya, avalekhana n. (Kmmen), avalekhanī f. (Kamm), avalekhā, ālekhana n., ālekhya n., parilekha, pratilekha, vilekha

lip (lip) "beschmieren" 6U limpati ; lepsyati ; Perf. 2 lilepa, lilipe ; lipta

z.B. lipi, lipti, lepa, lepaka, lepana n., lepya, avalepa, ālepa, upalepa, pralepa, vilepa

(līṅ) "sich anschmiegen, sich verstecken" 4Ā līyate ; leṣyate, lāsyate ; Perf. 3a lilye ; līna

z.B. laya, layana n., ālaya, upalaya, nilaya, nilayana n., pralaya, pralayana n., vilaya

lup (lup`ḷ) "brechen" 6U lumpati ; lopsyati ; Perf. 2 lulopa, lulupe ; lupta

z.B. lupti, lupya / lopya, lopa, loptṛ, loptra, parilopa, avalopa, avalopana, vilopa, vilopaka

lubh (lbh) "begehren" 4P lubhyati ; lobhiṣyate ; Perf. 2 lulobha, lulubhur ; lubdha

z.B. lobha, lobhana n., lobhanīya, pralobha, pralobhana 3, n., pralobhya, vilobhana nn.

lok (lokṛ, lkṛ (1)) "sehen, erblicken, betrachten" 1Ā/10P lokate / lokayati ; lokayiṣyati ; Perf. lokayām āsa, Perf. 2 luloke , lokita

z.B. avaloka, avalokayitṛ, āloka, viloka, vilokana n.


v


vac (vac) "sprechen" 2P vakti, vacmas (keine 3. Pl.!) ; vakṣyati ; Perf. 5a uvāca, uvacitha / uvaktha, ūcur ; ukta

z.B. vivakṣu, vaktṛ, vakti,  vaktṛ, vaktra, vacana 3, n., vacanīya, vacas, vākya, vāc, vācaka, vācana n., vācannā, vācā, ukti, vācya, vākya, apavaktṛ, nivacana n., nirukti, nirvacana, nirvācya, pravacana n., prativacana n., prativākya, prativācika, vivaktṛ, vivakṣā, vivakṣu, vivacana n., vivāc, vivācana m., n. vivācya, saṃvāc

vad (vd) "spechen" 1P vadati (Ā in best. Bedeutungen) ; vadiṣyati ; Peerf. 5a uvāda, ūdur ; udita

z.B. vada, vadana n., vaditṛ,  vāda, priyaṃvada, vādaka, vadya / vādya, vāditra, parivāda, parivivadiṣu, apavāda, avavaditṛ, avavāda, nirvāda, pravada, pravadana n., pravāda, prativāda, vivadana n., vivadiṣu, vivāda, saṃvāda

vaś (vś) "wollen, gebieten" 2P vaṣṭi, uśanti (!), Imper. 2. sg. uḍḍhi , vaśiṣyati ; Perf. 5a uvāśa, ūśur ; uśita

z.B. vaśya, vaṣṭi

vas (vas) "wohnen" 1P vasati ; vatsyati ; Perf. 5a uvāsa; ūṣur ; uṣita

z.B. vasana n., vastu, vāsa, vāsana n., vāsas, vāstu, vāsya, parivāsa, paryuṣaṇa n., āvāsa, nivāsa, nirvāsa, pravasana n., pravāsa, pravāsana n., vivāsa, vivāsya, saṃvasana n., saṃvasu, saṃvāsa

vas (vsa) "sich kleiden, anziehen" 2Ā vaste, vadhve (2.Pl.), vasate ; vasiṣyate ; Perf. 5c vavase ; vasita

z.B. vasana 3, n., vastra, vāsa, vāsana n, upavāsana n., nivasana n., nivāsa

vah (vah) "fhren, fahren" 1U vahati ; vakṣyati ; Perf. 5a uvāha, ūhe ; ūḍha

z.B. vahat, vahana 3, n., vahni, vāha, vāhaka, vāhana 3, n., ambuvāha, ambuvānī, ūḍhi, vāhya, vahya, apavāha, āvaha, āvāha, āvāhana, udvaha, upavāhya, nivaha, nirvāha, parivāha, parīvāha, pravaha, pravāhaṇa 3, n., vivāha, vivāhya, vivoḍhr, saṃvahana n., saṃvāhaka, samāvaha

(vā) "wehen" 2P vāti ; vāsyati ; Perf. 4 vavau ; vāna / vāta

z.B. vāyu (Wind), nirvāṇa, parinirvāṇa, pravā

vij (ovjī) "emporschieen, zittern" 7P vinakti (mit ud- 6Ā udvijate) ; vijiṣyati ; Perf. 2 viveja, vivijur ; vigna

z.B. vega, āvega, udvega, udvejana 3., n., nirvega, saṃvega, saṃvejanīya, samudvega

vid (vid) "wissen" 2P vetti, vidanti ; vediṣyati ; Perf. 2 viveda, vividur ; Prsentisches Perf. veda, vettha, vidur ; vidita

z.B. vitti, vidyā, veda, vedaka, vedana 3, n., vedanīya, vedayitṛ, vedavid, vedas, pravid, vid, vedya, pariveda, āvedana, nivedana 3.,n., pariveda, pravid, pravedana n., vitti, vivitsu, saṃvid, saṃveda, saṃvedya

vid (vdḷ) "finden" 6U vindati ; vediṣyati / vetsyati ; Perf. 2 viveda, vivide ; vinna / vitta

z.B. vindu, nirveda, vitti, vindu, vedana 3, n., vedas, vedya

viś (viś) "eintreten" 6P viśati ; vekṣyati ; Perf. 2 viveśa, viviśir ; viṣṭa

z.B.  veśa, veśas, veśya, veśyā, veśman, anupraveśa, āveśa, upaveśa, niveśa, niveśana 3, n., niveśya, pravivikṣu, praveśa, praveśya, prativeśya, vivikṣu, saṃveśa, saṃveśana 3., n., samāveśa

vṛj (vṛj) "wenden, drehen, abwenden" 7P vṛṇakti ; varjiṣyati ; Perf. 2 vavārja, vavṛjur ; vṛkta

z.B. varga, varja, varjaka, varjya, varjanīya, vṛjana m., n., parivarga, parivṛj, apavarga, parivarjaka, parivṛj, vivarjana n.

vṛt (vṛtu) "sich drehen" 1Ā vartate ; Fut. Ā/P vartiṣyate / vartsyati ; Perf. 2 vavrte ; vṛtta, āvṛt, āvṛtti

z.B. vartana 3, vartana n., vartani, vartis, vartula, vartman, vṛtti, vṛtya, pravṛtti, parivarta, parīvarta, parivartman, āvarta, āvartana, udvartana 3, nivartaka, nivartana 3.,n., nivartanīya, nivartayitavya, nivṛtti, nirvartana, nirvṛtti, parāvṛtti, paryāvarta, paryāvartana, pravartaka, pravṛtti. prativartman, prativārttā, vivartana 3, n., vivartman, vivṛtti, saṃvartaka, saṃvṛtti, samāvarta

vṛdh (vṛdhu) "wachsen" 1Ā vardhate ; Fut. Ā/P vartiṣyate / vartsyati ; Perf. 2 vavṛdhe ; vṛddha

z.B. vardhana 3, n., vardhitṛ, vardhiṣṇu, vrdha, vṛddhi, parivardhaka (Pferdeknecht), parivardhana, parivṛddhi, pravardhaka, pravardhana 3, pravṛddhi, pravṛdh, vivardhana 3, n., vivṛddhi, saṃvardhana 3, n., saṃvṛddhi

vṛṣ (vṛṣ) "regnen" 1P varṣati ; varṣiṣyati ; Perf. 2 vavarṣa, vavṛṣur ; vṛṣṭa

z.B. varṣa, varṣaṇa 3, n., varṣā, varṣaka, varṣuka, varṣṭṛ, varśya, vṛṣṭi, vṛṣya / varṣya, āvṛṣṭi, vivarṣiṣu

ve (ve) "weben" 1U vayati ; vāsyati ; Perf. vavau /uvāya, vavur / ūvur / ūyur ; Pass. ūyate ; uta

z.B. vāyaka

vyath (vytha) "schwanken" 1Ā vyathate ; vyathiṣyate ; Perf. 5c vivyathe ; vyathita

z.B. vyathana 3, n., vyathaka, vyathā, vyathii

vraj (vrj) "weggehen" 1P vrajati ; vrajiyati ; Perf. 5c vavrāja, vavrajur ; vrajita

z.B. vraja, vrajana n., vrajyā, vrāja, parivrāj, parivrājaka, pravrajana n, pravrajyā, pravājaka, pravrājana n.


ś


śaṃs (śns) "loben, gebieten" 1P śaṃsati ; śaṃsiṣyati ; Perf. 1 śaśaṃsa ; śasta

z.B. śaṃsa, śamsana n., śaṃsitṛ, śaṃstṛ, āśaṃsu, śasya, praśamsya, praṣasti, praśasya, saṃśāṃsā

śak (śakḷ) "fhig sein, knnen" 5P śaknoti, śaknuvanti ; śakṣyati ; Perf. 5b śaśāka, śekur ; śakta

z.B. śakti, śaktṛ, śakman, śakvan, śakya, śāka, śikṣaka, śikṣaṇa n., śikṣā

śam (śm) "ruhig sein, ruhig werden" 4P śāmyati ; śamiṣyati ; Perf. 5b śaśāma, śemur ; śānta

z.B. śama, śamana 3, n., śamanīya, śamayitṛ, śānti, śāmya, upaśama, upaśānti, praśama, praśamana n., praśānti, pratiśama, saṃśama, saṃśamana 3, n., saṃśānti

śās (śās) "befehlen, lehren" 2P śāsti, śiṣmas, śāsati (!) ; śāsiṣyati ; Perf 1: śaśāsa ; śiṣṭa (aber: āśāsita)

z.B. śāsa, śasaka, śāsana 3, n., śāsitṛ, śasti, śāstṛ, śāstra, śāsya, śiṣya, śiṣṭi, anuśāsana, anuṣāsitṛ, praśāsana n., praśāsitṛ, saṃśāsana n.

śiṣ (śiṣḷ) "brig lassen, verlassen" 7P śinaṣṭi ; śekṣyati ; Perf. 2 śiśeṣa, śiśiṣur ; śiṣṭa

z.B. śeṣa, śeṣya, pariśeṣa, viśeṣa, viśeṣaṇa 3, n.

śī (śīṅ) "liegen" 2Ā śete, śaye, śerate ; śayiṣyate ; Perf. 3a śiśye

z.B. śaya, śayana 3, n., śayanīya, śayu, śayānaka, śayitṛ, śayyā, āśaya, upaśaya, saṃśaya (Zweifel), saṃśīti (Zweifel)

śuc (śc) "brennen, leuchten, Schmerz empfinden, trauern" 1P śocati ; śociṣyati ; Perf. 2 śuśoca, śuśucur ; śucita

z.B. śuc, śuca, śucā, śoca, śocana 3, śuci, śoka, śoci, śocis, śocya, śocanīya, praśocana 3

śudh (śudh) "reinigen" 4P śudhyati ; śitsyati ; Perf. 2 śuśodha, śuśudhur ; śuddha

z.B. śuddhi, śodhana 3, n., śodhya, pariśodhana n., praśuddhi, viśuddhi, viśodhana 3, n., saṃśuddhi, saṃśodhana 3, n.

śubh (śbha, śubh (6)) "schn sein, glnzen" 1Ā/6P śobhate / śubhati ; śobhiṣyati ; Perf. 2 śuśobha, śuśubhe ; śubhita

z.B. śubh, śubha, śubhra, śobhaka, śobhana 3, n., śobhā

śuṣ (śuṣ) "trocknen (intrans.)" 4P śuṣyati ; śokṣyati ; Perf. 2 śuśoṣa, śuśuṣur ; śuṣka (!)

z.B. śuṣka, śoṣa, śoṣaṇa 3, n., pariśoṣaṇa 3, n., pariśoṣa, praśoṣa, viśoṣa, saṃśoṣa, saṃśoṣaṇa 3, n.

śo (śo) "schrfen" 4P śyati ; śāsyati ; Perf. 4 śaśau ; śāta / śita

z.B. saṃśiti

śram (śrm) "sich abmhen" 4P śrāmyati ; śramiṣyati ; Perf. 5c śaśrāma, śaśramur ; śrānta

z.B. śramaka, śrama, śramṇa m., āśrama, pariśrama, pratiśrama, viśrānti, viśrāma

śri (śr) "sich begeben zu, anlehnen" 1U śrayati ; śrayiṣyati ; Perf 3a śiśrāya, śiśriye ; śrita

z.B. śrayaṇa n., śrāya, , praśraya, āśraya, apaśraya (Polster), āśrayaṇa 3, n., pariśraya, pariśrayaṇa n., praśraya, praśrayaṇa n., pratiśraya, saṃśraya, samāśraya, samucchraya

śru (śru) "hren" 5P śṛṇoti, śṛṇumas / śṛnmas śṛṇvanti ; Perf. 3a śuśrāva, śuśrotha, śuśruvur ; śruta

z.B. śrav, śravaṇa n., śravas, śravya, śrāvaka, śruti, śrotṛ, śrotra, śrāvya, śrāvaṇa 3, n., śravaṇīya, śrāvitṛ., āśrava, upaśruti, praśravas, pratiśrava, pratiśruti, viśrāva, saṃśrava, saṃśravaṇa n., saṃśravas, saṃśrāva

śvas (śvs) "blasen, atmen" 2P śvasiti ; śvasiṣyati ; Perf. śaśvāsa ; śvasta / śvasita

z.B. śvasatha, śvasana 3, n., śvāsa, āśvāsa, niḥśvāsa, viśvāsa, viśvāsya, samāśvāsa, samāśvāsana n., samucchvasita,


s


saj (ṣaj) "hngen an" 1P sajati (*snj-a-ti) ; saṅkṣyati ; Perf. 1 sasaja, sasajur ; sakta

z.B. saṅga, sajana n., sakti, sāha, āsakti, āsaṅga, āsajana, utsaṅga, prasaṅga, saṃsakti, saṃsaṅga, samāsakti

sad (ṣadḷ) "sitzen" 1P sīdati (*si-sd-a-ti) ; ssatsyati ; Perf. 5P sasāda, sedur ; sanna

z.B. sattṛ, sattra, sada, sadana 3, n., sadas, sadman (Wohnsitz), sabhāsad, upasad, upaniṣad, prasada, prāsāda (Palast), niṣadyā (Bett, Sitz), pariṣad, avasāda, āsadana, āsādana, utsada, utsāda, utsādana, niṣadana, niṣadyā (Markthalle), niṣatti, niṣatsnu, niṣad, prasatti, prasāda, saṃsad, saṃsādana n.

sah (ṣha) "bewltigen" 1Ā sahate ; sahiṣyate ; Perf. 5b sehe ; soḍha

z.B. śatruṃsaha, sahana 3, sahiṣṇu, sahitra, sahya, utsāha, niṣṣah, prasaha, prasahya, samutsāha

sic (ṣic) "betrufeln" 6U sicati ; sekṣyati ; Perf. 2 siṣeca, siṣice ; sikta

z.B. sikti, sektra, secanīya, pariṣeka, avaseka, avasecana n., āsecana n., utseka, upasecana 3., n., niṣecana n., praseka, pratiṣeka, saṃseka

sidh (ṣidh) "ans Ziel kommen" 4P sidhyati ; setsyati ; Perf. 2 siṣedha ; siddha

z.B. siddhi, niṣiddhi, ṇiṣedha, niṣeddhṛ, niṣṣidh, prasiddhi, pratiṣeddhr, pratiṣedha, saṃsiddhi, samutsedha

su (ṣu) "auspressen" 5U sunoti, sunute ; soṣyati ; Perf. 3a suṣāva, suṣuve ; suta

z.B. sava, savana n., suti, sotṛ, soma, utsava, prasava

su / sū (ṣūṅ (2/4) "sich fortpflanzen, antreiben, beleben" 1/2P savati / sauti 2/4Ā sūte / sūyate ; soṣyati, soṣyate /saviṣyate ; Perf. 3a suṣāva, suṣuve ; suta / sūta / sūna

z.B. ratnasū, prasū, sava, savana, savitra, savitrī, sūti, sūtaka, sūnu, sūra, prasava, prasavaṇa n., prasavitṛ, prasūti

sṛ (sṛ) "laufen" 1/3P sarati / sisarti ; sariṣyati ; Perf. 3a sasāra ; sṛta

z.B. sṛti, sartṛ, sarma, puraḥsara, agresara, pūrvasara, saraṇa 3, saras, sarasī, anusara 3, apasāra, niḥsaraṇa n., niḥsārya, parisara, parisaraṇa n., prasara, prasṛti, visāra, visṛt, saṃsaraṇa, saṃsāra, saṃsṛti

sṛj (sṛj (6), sṛja (4)) "loslassen" 6P/4Ā sṛjati / sṛjyate ; srakṣyati , Perf. 2 sasarja, sasarjitha / sasraṭha, sasṛjur ; sṛṣṭa

z.B. sraṣṭṛ, sṛṣṭi, sṛjya, sarga, sarjana n., utsarga, utsarjana, utsṛṣṭi, upasarga, upasarjana, prasarga, pratisarga, visarga, visarjana n., visṛṣṭi, saṃsarga, saṃsarjana, saṃsṛṣṭi, samutsarga

sṛp (sṛpḷ) "schleichen,  kriechen" 1p sarpati ; sarpsyati / srapsyati ; Perf. 2 sasarpa : sṛpta

z.B. sarpa, sarpaṇa n., sṛpra, apasarpa, avasarpaṇa n., utsarpaṇa n., upasarpaṇa, parisarpaṇa n., prasarpaṇa n., saṃsarpa, saṃsarpaṇa n.

so (ṣo) "binden" (nur mit Prverbien) 4P syati ; sāsyati ; Perf. sasau, sasur ; sita

z.B. paryavasāna, adhyavasāna, avasāna

stambh (ṣṭbhi) "sttzen" 5/9P stabhnoti / stabhnāti ; stambhiṣyati / Perf. 1 tastambha ; stabdha

z.B. stambha, avaṣṭambha, upastambha, viṣṭambha

stu (ṣṭu) "preisen" 2U stauti / stavīti, stuvanti, stute / stuvīte ; stoṣyati ; Perf. 3a tuṣṭāva, tuṣṭotha, tuvṭuvur ; stuta

z.B. stava, prastāva, stavana n., stuti, stotra, stutya / stavya, stoma, stotṛ, stavitṛ, stāvaka, stomya, anuṣṭuti, upastut, upastuti, pariṣṭuti, prastava, prastāva, prastuti, pratiṣṭuti, saṃstava

stṛ / stṝ (stṛ / stṝ) "streuen" 5/9U stṛṇoti / stṛṇāti ; stariṣyati / starīṣyati ; Perf. tastāra, tastare ; stṛta / stīrṇa

z.B. staraṇa n., stṛti, vistara / vistāra, avastaraṇa, āstara, āstaraṇa n., āstāra, paristara, paristaraṇa n., prastāra, vistara, vistāra, saṃstara

sthā (ṣṭhā) 1P tiṣṭhati ; sthāsyati ; Perf. 4 tasthau, tasthātha / tasthitha, tasthur ; sthita

z.B. sprastha, sthāṇu, sthātṛ, sthāna n., sthāpaka, sthāpana n., sthāpya, sthāsnu, sthiti, sthāman (Stehvermgen, Strke), sthira,  stheyas, stānīya, adhiṣṭhātṛ, adhiṣṭhāna, avastha (Penis), avasthā, avasthiti, avasthāpana, āsthā, āsthātṛ, āsthāna, āsthāpana, āstheya, uttha, utthāna, utthāpana, upastha, upasthātṛ, upasthāna n., upasthapana n., niṣṭhā, niṣṭha, pariṣṭhā, paryupasthāna, prastha, prasthāna n., prasthāpana n., pratiṣṭha, pratiṣṭhā, pratiṣṭhāpayitṛ, pratiṣṭhāsu, pratiṣṭhi, pratiṣṭhiti, vyutthāna n., saṃstha, saṃsthā, saṃsthāna n., saṃsthāpana, saṃsthiti, samutthāna n.

snā (ṣṇā) "sich baden" 2P snāti ; snāsyati ; Perf. 4 sasnau ; snāta

z.B. snāna n., snāpaka, snāpana n.

snih (ṣṇh) "feucht werden, lieben" 4P snihyati ; snehiṣyati / snekṣyati ; Perf. 2 siṣṇeha ; snigdha / snīḍha

z.B. sneha, snehya, upasneha

spṛś (spṛś) "berhren" 6P spṛśati ; sparkṣyati / sprakṣyati ; Perf. pasparśa, paspṛśur ; spṛṣṭa

z.B. sparśa, spṛṣṭi, ghṛtaspṛk, spṛśya, upasparśana, saṃsparśana 3, n.

smi (ṣmiṅ) "lcheln" 1Ā smayate ; smeṣyate ; Perf 3a siṣmiye ; smita

z.B. smaya, smayana n., smāya, vismaya, vismāpaka, vismāpana 3

smṛ (smṛ)  "vergegenwrtigen" 1P smarati ; smariṣyati ; Perf. 3b sasmāra, sasmarur ; smṛta

z.B. smarya, smaraṇīya, vismāraṇa 3, vismṛti, saṃsmaraṇa n., saṃsmṛti

sru (sru) "flieen" 1P sravati ; sroṣyati ; Perf. 3a susrāva ; sruta

z.B. srava, sruti, prasrāva, nisrāva, nisrava, parisrava, parisrāva, parisrut, prasrva, prasravaṇa m., n., visrava, visruti, saṃsrava, saṃsrāva

svap (iṣvap) "schlafen" 2P svapiti, svapanti ; Impf. asvapīt /asvapat ; svapsyati ; Perf. 5a suṣvāpa, suṣvapitha / suṣvaptha, suṣupur ; supta

z.B. supti, svapna, svapana 3, n., prasup, prasvāpa


h


han (han) "(er)schlagen" 2P hanti, hanmas, hatha, ghnanti, Imperativ jahi ; haniṣyati ; Perf. 5a jaghāna, jaghanitha / jaghantha, jaghnima, jaghnur ; Kausativ ghātayati (Denominativ zu ghāta) ; hata

z.B. pāṇigha (Trommler). tāḍagha (Schmied), jāyāghna (jemand, der Trauerzeichen wegen der verstorbenen Frau trgt), patighnī (eine Frau, die Trauerzeichen wegen des verstorbenen Gattens trgt), śatruha, tamo'paha, hantṛ, brahmahan (Nominativ sg.: -hā), bhrūṇahan, hati, hatnu, hatya, hatha, hanana 3, n., apaha, apahantṛ, avahanana n. (Dreschen), āhati, upahati, nihantṛ, parāhati, parihati, prahati, pratigha, vighana 3, vighna m., vihati, vihantṛ, saṃhati, saṃhanana 3., n.

has (hs) "lachen" 1P hasati ; hasiṣyati ; Perf. 5c jahāsa, jahasur ; hasita

z.B. hasa, hasana 3, n., hāsa, hāsya, avahāsa, upahāsa, parihāsa, prahasana n., prahāsa, vihāsa

(ohāk) "verlassen" 3P jahāti, jahīmas / jahimas, Opt. jahyāt ; hāsyati ; Perf. 4 jahau, jahiṣur ; hīna

z.B. hāni, hāpana, hāna n., heya, parihāṇi, prahāṇa n., prahāṇi, praheya

hu (hu) "ins Feuer  gieen" 3P juhoti, juhumas, juhvati, Imperativ juhudhi ; hoṣyati ; Perf. 3a juhāva, juhuvur, juhavāṃ cakāra ; hutia

z.B. hotṛ, huti, āhuti, homa, āhavana, āhuti, prahuti, saṃhotra

hṛ (hṛ) "halten, tragen" 1U harati ; hariṣyati ; Perf. 3a jahāra, jahre ; hṛta

z.B. manohara, -ā, bhārahāra, -ī, nāthahari m. (Stier mit einem Strick durch die Nasenscheidewand), nāthahāra (ein Diener, der seinen Herrn trgt), hṛti, haraṇa 3, n., haras, hāra, parihāra / parīhāra, hārā, hārya, apajihihirṣā, apaharaṇa n., avahāra, āharaṇa, āhartṛ, āhāra, āhārya, udāharaṇa, uddhṛti, uddhāra, uddharaṇa n., upahāra, nirhṛtya, parijihīrṣu, parihārya, parihṛti, praharaṇa n., praharaṇīya, prahartṛ, prahāra, pratiharaṇa n., pratihartṛ, pratihāra, vihartṛ, saṃharaṇa n., saṃhartṛ, saṃhāra, saṃhārya, samāhāra, samujjihīrṣu

hṛṣ (hṛṣ) "sich struben (von Haaren), sich freuen" 4P hṛṣyati ; harṣīṣyati ; Perf. 2 jaharṣa ; hṛṣita

z.B. harṣa, harṣaṇa 3, n., harṣi, hṛṣṭi, saṃharṣaṇa 3, pariharṣaṇa 3, praharṣa, praharṣaṇa 3, n., vijihīrṣu, saṃharṣa

hve (hve) "rufen" 1U hvayati ; hvāsyati ; Perf. 3a juhāva, juhuve ; hūta

z.B. hvāna n.., hūti, āhūti, āhvā, āhvāna, upahūti, nihava, vihava, vihavya, saṃhvayana n., samāhvaya, samāhvāna n.